Talgo 230: the lightest option, the complete range

Intercity Talgo 230 trains travel tens of millions of kilometres in America, Europe and Asia every year. Talgo offers a wide array of solutions that can meet every need, since its trains can improve speed and performance on conventional tracks, running at up to 250 km/h wherever infrastructure allows.

From the Eurasian steppe, along the Pacific Ocean coast of the United States and Canada, to major European cities, Talgo trains and their unique wheel technology are providing rail operators around the world with lower energy consumption and reduced maintenance costs. By using tilting technology, Talgo trains can typically increase speeds through curves by 20% without having to modify infrastructure. Even gauge differences are no obstacle for its trains due to the use of variable gauge technology.

With a catalogue that supports dozens of different configurations - and with vehicles currently in service in eight countries - Talgo manufactures trains certified to meet the requirements of the three main rolling stock standards in the world: UIC in Germany, Spain and Bosnia, FRA and CFR in the United States and Canada, and GOST in Russia and Kazakhstan.

North América

North American trains, especially in the United States, are subject to very strict passive safety specifications. To obtain maximum structural resistance, even when decelerating at eight-times the force of gravity, Talgo developed the Series 8, which comfortably complies with FRA regulations.

European Union

In Europe, Talgo has manufactured trains for over seven decades, and now builds the lightest high-speed trains on the planet. Talgo's cars conform with the Technical Specifications for Interoperability laid out by the European Union Agency for Railways (EUAR), which are applicable throughout the European Union.


GOST standards are applicable in the most extensive railway territory in the world, running from Saint Petersburg to the Bering Strait, from Siberia to the Aral Sea. The wide-bodyshell cars that Talgo manufactures in Kazakhstan can travel seamlessly across the borders of the 11 countries that make up the Commonwealth of Independent States.

Lighter cars with better results

By using an extruded aluminium structure for its trains, Talgo is able to manufacture the lightest passenger rolling stock in the world. The trains are typically 30% lighter than conventional vehicles, while these materials also ensure maximum safety and minimal resistance even when operating at 180-250 km/h.

  • Lower energy consumption.
  • Lower environmental impact.
  • Lower operation costs.

The most accessible long-distance train

Talgo's self-guiding axles aren't just lighter and more efficient, they're also the reason why Talgo can build trains with lower floors and without any internal barriers through the entire train. This means that passengers can board and disembark the train without having to go up and down stairs.

  • Optimal passenger mobility within the train.
  • Platform-level access along the entire train.
  • Passengers board and disembark without having to use stairs.
  • Reduces stop times by 50% at stations.
  • Passengers with reduced mobility can access train unaided.

Total control and scalability

Talgo 230 offers train operators maximum versatility with a fully customizable, wide range of options… also when it comes to train traction and even the train capabilities along their lifecycle. This product can be fitted with locomotives furnished by Talgo and/or with cab-car, bogie-mounted passenger vehicles for push-pull operations.

An that is not all. Talgo smart technology allows us to easily and cost-effectively upgrade conventional intercity trains into very high-speed units for a top speed of up to 330 km/h, whenever the client decides so.

  • Cab-car, bogie-mounted passenger coaches
  • Wholly designed & manufactured locomotives, 100% Talgo
  • Easily upgradable to very-high speed: 330 km/h

Self-guiding wheel system

The Talgo self-guiding rodals (Talgo trucks) not only reduce the number of axles on a train - most cars only have one - but they follow the movement of the lead bogie's axle box due to the use of self-guiding technology, allowing the train to smoothly follow the path of the tracks. This technology reduces wheel and infrastructure wear, which in turn leads to maintenance cost savings.

  • Less stress in vehicle and track interaction.
  • Improved safety: no flange climbing tendencies.
  • Lower maintenance costs and increased reliability.
  • Less track wear guaranteed.
  • Makes the most of structure gauge.
  • Lower aerodynamic losses, and
  • More comfort: less noise and vibrations.

Automatic Gauge Changeover

Talgo trains can be fitted with a unique variable gauge system that allows them to run on different networks without losing significant time at gauge-changing stations. Talgo’s system can adjust to any type of track and is suitable for any type of axle.

  • Gauge change without having to stop the train.
  • All kinds of track gauge: standard, broad and narrow.
  • System adaptable to all types of axles: Rodals (Talgo truck) with independent wheels, non-driving and driving bogies.
  • Proven efficiency: tens of thousands of operations each year.

Maximum operability

By taking advantage of natural tilting in curves, and with the capability to use on-board auxiliary generators, Talgo 230 can offer railway operators a wide range of options to supply a train that will meet their specific requirements.

  • Natural tilting to increase speeds in curves and improve passenger comfort.
  • Maximum speeds of up to 250 km/h with certain upgrades on any track gauge.
  • Designed to operate in temperatures ranging from -50ºC to 50ºC.
  • Fire detection and extinction systems, geolocation (GPS, GLONASS), and closed circuit television (CCTV).
  • Electric range of up to 12 hours without a locomotive, thanks to the auxiliary generators: passengers do no perceive the change in traction and on-board services are guaranteed in the event of a fire.

The best on-board experience

Talgo 230 is designed with the client in mind, and are fully adaptable to the specific demands of each operator. After all, only the best features can guarantee the best experience for passengers.

  • Wi-Fi access on every car.
  • At-seat infotainment services.
  • Individual lights and plug socket in every seat.
  • High-range air conditioning.
  • Fully adapted solutions for passengers with reduced mobility, thanks to its continuous, low-floor coaches at platform height
  • Large luggage compartments with sufficient room for large items such as skis and bicycles.
  • Modern and spacious WC, designed for easy maintenance.
  • At-seat catering service.

A range with dozens of possibilities

The aforementioned features allow Talgo 230 to offer the most versatile range of cars available on the market today, for day as well as for overnight services. The railway operator can customise the configuration of its fleet by choosing from dozens of options, and even modify them according to seasonal requirements.

Here are just a few of the configuration options available:


Cars for day-time services:


  • Standard (economy class)
  • Standard with WC
  • Standard end car
  • Standard with bicycle area
  • Standard adapted to passengers with reduced mobility
  • Standard 3+2 (five seats per row)
  • Standard 3+2 with WC
  • First class car
  • First class with WC
  • First class adapted for passengers with reduced mobility
  • Club Car
  • Car with super-reclining seats (ASPR).
  • Bar-Buffet car
  • Bar-Buffet with WC
  • Bar-Buffet adapted for passengers with reduced mobility
  • Restaurant car
  • Restaurant car adapted for passengers with reduced mobility
  • Converter power-car (adapts electric power from the power head for internal use)
  • Converter power-car + freight
  • Diesel generator power-car (independent electrical power supply)


Cars for night-time services:


  • Car with super-reclining seats (ASPR).
  • Standard Sleeping car: four berths per cabin
  • Single Sleeping car: two berths per cabin
  • Grand Class Car: two berths and WC per cabin
  • Freight car
  • Freight car + luggage area
  • Converter power-car (adapts electric power from the power head for internal use)
  • Converter power-car + freight
  • Diesel generator power-car (independent electrical power supply)
  • Bar-buffet with night-time service.
  • Restaurant car



The flexibility of Talgo 230 offering enables us to design tailor-made cars for clients, and to adapt them to their every need.

Technical Features

Maximum speed Up to 250 km/h
Operating speed Up to 230 km/h
Capacity Up to 54 passengers per car
Configuration Minimum 2 end and 1 intermediate car
Traction & control Locomotives, cab-cars available
Track gauge (mm) 1435-1520-1668-1676
Floor height (mm) 680-760 mm from rail
Other heights are possible depending on the project
Length (m) Minimum trainset length 40m
Bodyshell width (mm) 2942-3200
Unladen weight (tonnes) 13-19 tonnes
Number of axles Minimum 4 axles per trainset / 3 coaches composition
Passengers/ WC  
Power supply  
Power Multi-system
Brakes Electric regenerative brakes / compressed air brakes / magnetic track brakes